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The Call of Abraham

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11 years 11 months ago #145 by Nadir Ahmad
Nadir Ahmad created the topic: The Call of Abraham
In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Beneficent.

The Call of Abraham

Taken from the commentaries of the Quran; Tafseer as Sa’di, Tafseer ibn Katheer and Fath al Qadeer.

{And (remember) when Abraham said: "O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah ) one of peace and security, and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols.
"O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind. But whoever follows me, he verily, is of me. And whoever disobeys me, still You are indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. }
[/color] [Quran: 14:35-36]



And mention the prophet Abraham in this beautiful state, when he said {"O my Lord! Make this city one of peace and security,} meaning the sacred land of Makkah, so Allah responded to his prayer and decreed for it to be a place of security and safety as is well known. Allah said: {Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance mankind and jinn. In it are manifest signs, (for example) the place of Abraham; whosoever enters it attains security.} [Quraan: 3:96-97] and {Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a secure sanctuary} [Quraan: 29:67]

After he supplicated for peace and security for Makkah, he supplicated for himself and his sons for faith, he said: {and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols}. He then mentioned what caused him to fear them for himself and his sons; because of the large number of people who have been lured and tested by worshiping them, he said: {"O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind.} Meaning many have been led astray because of them, and this is a prayer that everyone should perform for himself, his parents and children.


{But whoever follows me }
in what I came with, which is Monotheism and sincerity in worshiping Allah (God) alone, the Lord of creation, association none with Him in worship { he verily, is of me. } because of being in full conformity with him, and whoever loves a people and follows them becomes one of them.

{And whoever disobeys me, still You are indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. }
This is a sign of Abraham’s mercy and concern, may he be in peace, whereas he supplicated for even the disobedient with mercy and forgiveness from Allah, and Allah the Glorified is more merciful than Abraham, He does not punish anyone except those who rebel against Him.

Abraham freed himself from those who worship idols and he left their case to Allah, if He wishes He shall forgive them and if He wishes He shall punish them. This is similar to the saying of Jesus: {"If You punish them, then indeed they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily, You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."} [Quran:5:118] This only indicates that they left it up to Allah the Elevated, not that it would actually happen, as Allah does not forgive those who die as polytheists.
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said the Messenger of Allah, may the Salaat and Salaam be upon him, recited the verse: {"O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind…}[/b] and the saying of Jesus: {"If You punish them, then indeed they are Your slaves…} he then lifted his hands in prayer and said:

“O my Lord, my nation. O my lord, my nation. O my lord, my nation.” and cried. Allah said: “Go O Gabriel (the angel) to Muhammad and ask him what makes him cry, and your Lord knows best.” So Gabriel came to the Messenger and asked him and the Messenger informed him. So Allah said: “Go to Muhammad and say to him: Your lord will please you regarding your nation…”[/b]

...<br><br>Post edited by: islaam.ca admin, at: 2007/06/13 20:47

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11 years 11 months ago #148 by Nadir Ahmad
Nadir Ahmad replied the topic: Re:The Call of Abraham

And recite to them the story of Abraham.

When he said to his father and his people: "What do you worship?"

They said: "We worship idols, and to them we are ever devoted."

He said: "Do they hear you when you call on (them)?

"Or do they benefit you or harm (you)?"

They said: "(Nay) but we found our fathers doing so."

He said: "Do you see what you have been worshipping

You and your ancient fathers?

Verily, they are enemies to me, except the Lord of the creation

Who has created me, and it is He Who guides me.

And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink.

And when I am ill, it is He Who cures me.

And Who will cause me to die, and then will bring me to life (again).

And Who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the Day of Recompense (the Day of Resurrection).

My Lord! Bestow Hukm (religious knowledge, right judgment of the affairs and Prophethood) on me, and gather me with the righteous.

And grant me an honorable mention in later generations.

And make me one of the inheritors of the Paradise of Delight.

And forgive my father, verily, he is of the erring.

And disgrace me not on the Day when (all the creatures) will be resurrected.

The Day wherein neither wealth nor children will avail,

Except he who comes to Allah with a clean heart."

And Paradise will be brought near to the pious.

And the (Hell) Fire will be placed in full view of the erring.

And it will be said to them: "Where are those (the false gods whom you used to set up as rivals with Allah) that you used to worship instead of Allah? Can they help you or (even) help themselves?"


{And recite to them the story of Abraham.}
[/color]


Meaning: Inform the people, O Muhammad, of the story of the messenger Abraham. Inform them of this specific account, as he has many, but tell them this story which includes his message, his call to his people, his debate with them and how he discredited what they were upon. Tell them of his sincerity, his monotheistic faith, how he freed himself from polytheism and polytheists so that they may take him as an example. For indeed Abraham was given wisdom and understanding at a young age, while he was growing up amongst his people, he criticized them for worshiping idols…

{When he said to his father and his people: "What do you worship?" They said: "We worship idols.}
[/color] Idols that we carve with our own hands {and to them we are ever devoted."} [/color] We devote worship to them and invoke them throughout most of the day.

So Abraham responded to them, clarifying why idols are not worthy of worship saying: {"Do they hear you when you call on (them)?} [/color] so that they can respond to you, relive you of hardships and calamities, remove everything that you dislike from you? {"Or do they benefit or harm you?"} [/color] So they realized and admitted that their idols cannot do so, they do not hear when they are called upon, nor do they benefit or harm them. So they resorted to the excuse of blindly following their forefathers saying: {"(Nay) but we found our fathers doing so."} [/color] so we followed them in their path and preserved their customs.

Abraham responded saying that all of you including your forefathers are erroneous, and you are all the same in this issue. {He said: "Do you see what you have been worshipping, you and your ancient fathers? Verily, they are enemies to me,} [/color] If these idols have any power, then let them harm me even if it is with the least form of harm, let them plot against me because I am an enemy to them and care nothing for them, but they are unable to do so. {except the Lord of the creation. Who has created me, and it is He Who guides me.} [/color] He is the only One who created us and guided us to the benefits of our life and religion, therefore He is the only One worthy of worship in truth. He then specified a number of necessary benefits saying:

{And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink. And when I am ill, it is He Who cures me. And Who will cause me to die, and then will bring me to life (again). And Who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the Day of Recompense (the Day of Resurrection).
[/color]


He is the only One who can do this, therefore He is the only One who should be worshiped, and you must forsake these idols which do not create, do not provide guidance, do not cause illness, do not cure, do not provide food or drink, do not cause death, do not bring life, do not benefit those who worship them by reliving them of calamities or forgiving them of sins.

This is an undeniable argument, a manifest proof, neither you nor your forefathers can oppose it, which proves that all of you together, are partners in misguidance and in abandoning the path of guidance and wisdom.

He then called upon his lord…<br><br>Post edited by: islaam.ca admin, at: 2007/06/20 00:36

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